Top 10 Monuments in India

Here are the list of Most Famous and Top 10 Monuments of India 

1. Taj Mahal


The Taj Mahal is an ivory white marble mausoleum located on the south bank of the Yamuna River in the Indian city of Agra. It was commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (who ruled from 1628 to 1658) to house the tomb of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It is Tumb and House of Shah jahan also. The shah jahan's Taj Mahal is the centerpiece of a 17-hectare complex, which includes a mosque and a guest house. The Taj Mahal Tomb is set in formal gardens bordered on three sides by a crenellated wall.

The Taj Mahal was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 as "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired world heritage masterpieces". It is considered by many to be the best example of Mughal architecture and a symbol of the rich history of India. The Taj Mahal attracts between 7 and 8 million visitors a year and, in 2007, it was declared the winner of the New7Wonders of the World initiative (2000-2007).

Location- Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Built in - 1653
Built By- Shah Jahan

2. Qutub Minar


Qutub Minar is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
It is Located in Mehrauli of Delhi. Qutub Minar is a five-storey 73-meter (239.5-foot) tapered tower, with a base diameter of 14.3 meters (47 feet), rising to 2.7 meters (9 feet) at the top of the summit . It contains a spiral staircase of 379 steps. Its design was based on the Jam minaret in western Afghanistan.

  Qutb ud Din Aibak, founder of the Delhi Sultanate, began building the first floor of Qutb Minar around 1192. In 1220, Aibak's successor and son-in-law, Shamsuddin Iltutmish, completed the construction of three more floors. In 1369, a thunderbolt destroys the last floor. Firoz Shah Tughlaq replaced the damaged floor and added one more. Sher Shah Suri also added an entry to this tower when he was in charge and Humayun was in exile.

Location- Mehrauli, Delhi
Built in - First Floor 1192, More 3 Three Floors 1220, Last Floor 1369
Built By- First Floor By Qutb ud Din Aibak, More Three Floors by Shamsuddin Iltutmish, Last Floor Replace By Firoz Shah Tughlaq

3. Gateway Of India


The gateway to India is an arched monument built in the twentieth century in Mumbai, India. The Gate way of india of Mumbai was erected to commemorate the landing of Emperor George V and Queen Empress Maryat Apollo Bunder during their visit to British India in 1911. Built in an Indo-Sarcastic style, the cornerstone of the Gates Gate India was raised on March 31st. 1911.

  The Gateway of India structure is a basalt arch, 26 meters (85 feet) high. The final design of George Wittet was approved in 1914 and the construction of the monument was completed in 1924.

Location- Mumhai, Maharashtra
Built in - 1924
Built By- George Wittet

4. Statue of Unity


The statue of unity is a colossal statue of independence activist Sardar Vallabh bhai Patel, who was the india' First independent Home minister.

  Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Statue is located in the kevadiya Colony , state of Gujarat, India. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Statue is the tallest statue in the world with a height of 182 meters. It is located on a river facing the Sardar Sarovar dam on the Narmada River, in the Kevadiya colony of Gujarat. It is 100 km southeast of the town of Vadodara, Gujarat. The project was first announced in 2010 and the construction of the statue began in October 2013 by Larsen & Toubro, who was awarded the 2,989 crore of 2,399 crore from the Gujarat government. It was designed by Indian sculptor Ram V. Sutar and inaugurated by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 31, 2018, the day of his 143rd birthday when Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was born.

Location- Kevadiya Colony, Gujarat
Built in - 2018
Built By- Government of India by Narendra Modi

5. Hawa Mahal


Hawa Mahal is a palace in Jaipur, Rajasthan. Built with red and pink sandstone, the palace is located on the edge of the City Palace in Jaipur and extends to zenana or women's rooms. The structure was built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, grandson of Sawai Jai Singh, who was the founder of Jaipur. He was so inspired by the unique structure of Khetri Mahal that he built this grand historic palace.

 Hawa Mahal was designed by Lal Chand Ustad. This architectural feature also allowed the passage of fresh air from the Venturi effect, making the whole area more pleasant during the high summer temperatures. Many people see the Hawa Mahal from the street point of view and think it's the front of the palace, but in reality it's the back of the structure.

Location- Jaipur, Rajasthan
Built in - 1799
Built By- Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh

6. Mysore Palace


The Mysore Palace is a historic palace and royal residence in Mysore, in the Indian state of Karnataka. Mysore Palace is the official residence of the Wadiyar dynasty and the seat of the kingdom of Mysore City . The palace is in the center of Mysore and faces Chamundi Hillseastward. Mysore is commonly described as the "city of palaces," and there are seven palaces, including this one; However, the "Mysore Palace" refers specifically to this one in the Old Fort.

After the Taj Mahal, Mysore Palace is now one of India's most famous tourist attractions. with more than 6 million annual visitors.

Location- Mysore, Karnataka
Built in - 1912
Built By- Maharani Pramoda Devi Wadiyar

7. Victoria Memorial


The Victoria Memorial is a large marble building and Tourist Destination in Kolkata. The Victoria Memorial built between 1906 and 1921. The Victoria Memorial is dedicated to the memory of Queen Victoria (1819-1901) . Now it is a museum and tourist destination under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture . The monument is on the Maidan (land) near the shore of the Hooghly River, near Jawaharlal Nehru Road (better known as Chowringhee Road). Every year, thousands of people come to visit this museum Victoria Memorial of Kolkata.

  The King George V, laid the first stone on January 4, 1906 and the Victoria Memorial was officially opened to the public in 1921. In 1912, before the completion of the construction of the Victoria Memorial, King George V announced the transfer of the Indian capital of Calcutta to New Delhi. Therefore, the Victoria Memorial was built in what would be a provincial city instead of a capital city.

Location- Kolkata
Built in - 1906
Built By-King George V

8. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminal


Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminal is an UNESCO World Heritage Site and Historical terminal station located in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

  The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus was designed by British architect Frederick William Stevens in the style of Victorian Gothic Italian architecture. Its construction began in 1878, south of the former Bori Bunder train station, and was completed in 1887, the 50th anniversary of Queen Victoria's Victoria Terminus. The name of the station was changed to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST station code) in March 1996 to pay homage to Shivaji, the seventeenth-century founder of the Maratha Empire, whose name is often preceded by a royal title. In 2017, the station was renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSTM code), where Maharaj is also a royal title.

Location- Mumbai
Built in- 1888

9. Agra Fort


Agra Fort is a historic fort located in the city of Agra in India. It was the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal dynasty until 1638, when the capital was moved from Agra to Delhi. Before being captured by the British, the last Indian rulers to occupy it were the Marathas. In 1983, Agra Fort was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is about 2.5 km northwest of its most famous twin monument, the Taj Mahal.

  The fort can be described more precisely as a fortified city. Agra Fort is the only fort in India where all the first Mughal emperors lived. The fort is on an ancient site and was traditionally known as Badalgarh. He was captured by Ghaznavi for a time, but in the 15th century AD, the Rajput Chahman occupied him. Shortly after, Agra took the status of capital when Sikandar Lodi (about 1487-1517) moved his capital from Delhi and built few buildings in the pre-existing fort of Agra. After the first battle of Panipat (about 1526), ​​the Mughals seized the fort and ruled from here. In about 1530, Humayun was crowned here. The fort took on its present appearance during the reign of Akbar (about 1556-1605).

Location- Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Built in - 1565
Built By- Mughal Emperor Akbar

10. Fatehpur Sikri


Fatehpur Sikri is a city in Agra district in Uttar Pradesh, India. By Emperor Akbar, the city itself was founded as the capital of the Mughal Empire in 1571 , who served from 1571 to 1585, when Akbar abandoned it due to a campaign in Punjab. It was then completely abandoned in 1610. Name of the city is derived from the village called Sikri which occupied the place before. An archaeological excavation carried out in 1999-2000 by the Indian Archaeological Service revealed the existence of a dwelling, temples and shopping centers before the construction of its capital by Akbar.

  Sheikh Salim's khanqah existed earlier at this place. Akbar's son, Jahangir, was born in the village of Sikri in 1569 and that year, Akbar began building a religious complex to commemorate the sheikh who had predicted the birth. After Jahangir's second birthday, he began building a walled city and an imperial palace here. The city is known as Fatehpur Sikri, the "city of victory", after Akbar's victorious victory in Gujarat in 1573.

Location- Near Agra, U.P
Founded in- 1571
Founded By- Mughal Emperor Akbar 

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